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Haiti’s housing crisis: Relocated families live in worse conditions
Submitted by CHAN on July 18, 2012 - 12:23
Published on South Florida Caribbean News, July 18, 2012
BOSTON - The Haitian government housing program is a not a durable or sustainable solution to Haitian’s tent-camp housing crisis, according to a survey of residents conducted by the Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti (IJDH) and the Bureau des Avocats Internationaux (BAI). The survey interviewed 75 households that had been relocated from six internally displaced persons (IDP) camps under the government’s housing program implemented by the International Organization of Migration (IOM).
The housing program, called the '16/6 Program' affects only 5% of the camp population. It subsidizes residents with up $500 to pay their rent for a year. The survey results indicated some positive results in the short-term. Two-thirds of families reported that their living situation was better now than when living in the camps, and almost three-quarters said they felt safer now than they did living in the camp.
But the 16/6 program did not make many earthquake victims whole, and these families fear they will be homeless again in a year’s time. “The 16/6 housing program is succeeding in moving earthquake victims out of the visible camps, but is not succeeding in moving families into adequate housing,” according to Nicole Phillips, who directed the study. “Based on the survey results, it would be a mistake for the international community or Government of Haiti to think that this program, which is being replicated in the private sector, is a fair or sustainable solution for earthquake victims.”
The survey found that:
- 40 percent of families reported living in worse conditions than before the earthquake. Thirteen percent used 16/6 funding to move into earthquake damaged housing marked “red” for uninhabitable and three percent into housing marked yellow for unsafe.
- Two-thirds of respondents said the money offered under the 16/6 program was not enough to resettle.
- 11 percent have already been asked to leave the home they relocated to under the 16/6 program.
- Only 21 percent thought they would still live in the place they just resettled to in one year.
Camp residents were so desperate to leave due to poor conditions that they would accept any assistance at all (only 5 percent did want to leave the camps). Many felt they had to accept the program or they would be forcefully evicted.
Survey results also indicated a lack of participation or transparency about the resettlement program, with only 26 percent of respondents having been consulted on their opinion or given a chance to give feedback on their relocation, and only 43 percent having had an opportunity to ask questions on how closure/relocation would work for them and their family. Nineteen percent reported receiving help looking for another location to move. Forty percent said that during the relocation, someone demanded they leave the camps.
IJDH and BAI urge the Haitian government to adopt and fund a comprehensive national rehousing strategy that provides affordable housing and to ensure that IDP camps are not closed until adequate housing alternatives are provided. It also recommends that the government, IOM and other NGOs providing resettlement assistance make more effort to consult with displacement communities, especially women.
Survey respondents in this study had originally been interviewed in August 2011. Those results were published by the IJDH in the briefing paper titled Haiti’s Housing Crisis: Results of a Household Survey on the Progress of President Michel Martelly’s 100-Day Plan to Close Six IDP Camps.